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Home > About May 18 (5·18) > Historic Sites

Historic Sites

We can vividly understand the May 18 Democratic Uprising through the critical historic sites or May Road, which is a tour program for the Gwangju democratization movement. Gwangju city and Jeollanam-do Province maintain the May 18 historic sites to preserve some important places for the May 18 democratic uprising. There are many places that you need to visit. For example, the main gate of Chonnam National University, which was a starting point for the Gwangju democratization movement, the old Jeollanam-do Provincial Hall as the resistance headquarters, an old May 18 graveyard, and so on. The historic sites of the May 18 democratic uprising are the unique spaces that remind the deep agony at the time, and that prevailed by the great Gwangju citizens who kept up with their beliefs for caring, autonomy, and solidarity. After the uprising, the May 18 historic sites were positioned as evidence of the struggle, and became the sacred places genuinely to teach the democratization movement in history education.

1. The Main Gate of Chonnam National University (CNU)

CNU is the No.1 historic site of the May 18 Democratic Uprising that started at school's main gate. On May 18, 1980, the first clash between students and the Martial law enforcement army occurred. That morning, students gathered in front of the gate to protest against the army, which had blocked it to prevent the students from entering.

2. The May 18 National Cemetery

This is where the victims of the May 18 Democratic Uprising were buried. It opened in 1997 after a three-year construction and was designated as the May 18 National Cemetery in 2002.

3. The May 18 Archives

This is where the victims of the May 18 Democratic Uprising were buried. It opened in 1997 after a three-year construction and was designated as the May 18 National Cemetery in 2002.

4. The Old Jeollanam-do Provincial Hall

The resistance headquarters was stationed here during the May 18 Democratic Uprising. It was the last battleground where the Citizen's Army fought back against the paratroopers in the early morning on May 27, 1980.

5. The May 18 Liberty Park

It was an army base during the Uprising where demonstrators were temporarily detained before trials. It serves now as one of the May 18 related historic and educational sites.

6. The May 18 Memorial Park

It was constructed to commemorate the May 18 Democratic Uprising in 1998. Sculptures and memorial spaces for the citizen's army are situated here. The May 18 Foundation is also located at the north end of this park.

List of the whole historic site

No. Historic site Address
1 Connam National University 77, Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju
2 Gwangju Station Plaza 611-8, Jungheung-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju
3 Old Public Intercity Bus Terminal Site 225, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
4 Geumnam-ro (Old Catholic Center) 221, Geumnam-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
5-1 Old Jellanam-do Provincail Hall 38, Munhwajeondang-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
5-2 The May 18 Democracy Plaza 41, Geumnamno 1(il)-ga, Dong-gu, Gwangju
5-3 Old Sangmu Sports Building (Military Martial Art Facilities) 38, Munhwajeondang-ro,Dong-gu, Gwangju
5-4 Gwangju YMCA 246, Geumnam-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
6 Old Gwangju YMCA Site 31-6, Jungang-ro 196beon-gil, Dong-gu, Gwangju
7 Old Gwangju MBC Site 145, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
8 Old Nokdu Bookstore Site 134, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
9 Chonnam National University Hospital 42, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
10 Gwangju Christian Hospital 37, Yangnim-ro, Nam-gu, Gwangju
11 Old Red Cross Hospital Site 415, Cheonbyeonu-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
12 Chosun University 309, Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju
13 Hungry Bridge and Its Vicinity Uijae-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
14 Massacre Site Nearby Junam Village Junam-gil, Dong-gu, Gwangju
15 Massacre Site in Gwangmokgan Ramp (between Gwanju and Mokpo) 538, Songha-dong, Nam-gu, Gwangju
16 Nongseong Plaza Battlefield 671-2, Nongseong-dong, Seo-gu, Gwangju
17 Old Sangmudae Site (Military Base) 13, Sangmupyeonghwa-ro, Seo-gu, Gwangju
18 Mudeung Stadium Main Entrance 9, Seorim-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju
19 Yangdong Market 238, Cheonbyeonjwa-ro, Seo-gu, Gwangju
20 Gwangju Park Plaza 15, Jungang-ro 107beon-gil, Nam-gu, Gwangju
21 The place where the first gunshot was occurred on May 18 282, Jungang-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
22 Old Gwanju Prison 437-2, Gakhwa-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju
23 Old Army Hospital Hwajeong-ro 179beon-gil, Seo-gu, Gwangju
24 Old May 18 Graveyard San 29-2, Sugok-dong, Buk-gu, Gwangju
25 Namdong Catholic Church 67, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
26 Old 505 Security Force 16, Sangmu-daero 956beon-gil, Seo-gu, Gwangju
27 Old Deulbul (Wildfire) Night School Site 28-13, Jukbong-daero 119beon-gil, Seo-gu, Gwangju
28 Jeonil Building 245, Geumnam-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
29 Old Residence of Hong Namsun 153, Jebong-ro, Dong-gu, Gwangju
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