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Muneer Malik: Savior of Pakistan's Constitution and Democracy
Date : 2008-05-15     Hit : 3592
An Autobiography
By Muneer Malik


I was born on April 8, 1950. My mother was illiterate and my father had only 10 years of schooling. My parents had emigrated to Pakistan on the partition of the subcontinent of India. Their own educational backgrounds notwithstanding, my parents sent me to one of the finest boarding school in Pakistan, Lawrence College situated in the hills of Murree in northern Pakistan. I was always an outstanding student and I passed my “O” levels in 1964 in First Division. I thereafter passed my Intermediate Science Examination in 1966 from Karachi securing First Division and then enrolled at the NED Engineering College. Barely four months into the term, in January 1967, I proceeded to United States to study Chemical Engineering. I was soon realized that my primary ambition was to be a lawyer. For my undergraduate degree, I chose Accounting as my major field of study and in 1971 I received by Bachelor’s Degree from San Jose State University, San Jose, California. I enrolled at Santa Clara University to study law and was awarded the Faculty Minority Scholarship. I received my J.D. in June 1974 graduating magna cum laude. I passed the California Bar exam in December 1974 and at the same time qualified to be a Certified Public Accountant.

I returned to Pakistan in 1975 to practice law and I was soon to make a mark in my chosen profession. In 1980 I was elected General Secretary of the Karachi Bar Association and was one of the leaders of the movement for the restoration of democracy against the dictatorship of General Ziaul Haq. I was incarcerated in Central Prison in Karachi in 1981 on the substantive charge that my activities were causing disaffection against members of the armed forces in the eyes of the people. I alongwith 17 other lawyers, was tried before a Summary Military Court but under the heat of international pressure, the charges were dropped and I was released. In 1986 I was elected President of the Karachi Bar Association and in 1990 I was elected as a member of the Pakistan Bar Council for a five year term. The Pakistan Bar Council is the apex body regulating the legal profession in Pakistan. I served on a number its committees, including the Human Rights Committee.
In the years 1986 to 2002, I was invited to attend several international conferences on Human Rights and if my memory serves me correctly, I had drafted the declaration passed by human rights groups at Hong Kong calling for the establishment of the Asian Human Rights Commission. I have been an active member of the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan and have worked for it on a number of assignments, including observing the fairness of the polls held in 1988. In 2002, I was elected as President of Sindh High Court Bar Association and was one of the leaders of the movement launched by the legal fraternity against the Legal Framework Order promulgated by General Pervez Musharraf. In 2006 I was elected President of the Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan and was one of the leaders of lawyers’ movement for the reinstatement of the Chief Justice of Pakistan. I represented the Chief Justice of Pakistan before the Supreme Judicial Council that was hearing charges of misconduct against him. The authorities tried to intimidate me in a number of ways, first by sealing my office, then spraying gunfire on my residence (my daughter narrowly escaped injury), mistreating me in Attock jail and through anonymous phone calls threatening of dire consequences.
I practice law at Karachi and Islamabad and am senior partner in the law firm of Malik, Chaudhry, Ahmed & Siddiqi. Scores of my cases in which I appeared as counsel are reported in the law journals. I have contributed articles to the leading national daily English newspaper, the daily Dawn. I have represented the print media in a number of constitutional cases where the freedom of press has been in issue.
In 2006 I was conferred the Dorab Patel Human Rights Award by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan and I have been awarded the Asian Human Rights Commission Human Rights Defenders Award jointly with Barrister Aitzaz Ahsan.



Q&A with Mr. Muneer Malik


How does it feel to be awarded the 2008 Gwangju Prize for Human Rights?


Deeply humbled. It is a great honour to have been awarded the prize although deep down inside I believe that it belongs to the lawyers of Pakistan.


What does the award mean to you? What do you think of the Gwangju Prize for Human Rights? What is its significance in promoting peace, democracy and human rights?

Personally, for me it will be one of my most cherished achievements. The Gwangju Prize links the historic events of May 18th 1980 to democratic movements around the world- it serves at least two purposes- first, it reminds other democratic movements of the sacrifices of the citizens of Gwangju and second, it encourages other movements to emulate them. Peace, democracy and human rights are indivisible concepts and the benefits are shared by the entire humanity. The Prize demonstrates that the people of Gwangju deeply care about democratic movements around the world.


Why do you think you were chosen?
I believe that it was not me who was chosen but the lawyers of Pakistan for a struggle that has no parallel in the 60 year history of Pakistan.

What are your works, programs and activities? Tell us what you have done in the past and are doing now.
I am presently in the process of writing a book on the lawyers’ movement. I am practicing law and still actively engaged in the movement for restoration of the judges who were deposed in November 2007 in consequence of the proclamation of Emergency. Since the last 25 years that I have been actively involved in one form or the other in the human rights movement in Pakistan.

What of your least known works would you want others to know about you?
I am engaged in doing charitable work and am managing a charitable trust set up by the Malik Family. This trust provides scholarships to needy students in Pakistan.

How will the Gwangju Prize advance and promote your work?
I intend to use the Prize to set up a foundation to “Save the Constitution and promote Democracy”. It will make my work more credible.

As winner of the Gwangju Prize do you have ideas or plans for which the Gwangju Prize could be promoted? What role could you play to promote it?
I would like to work with the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan- of which I am a founder member- to make human rights activists more aware about the Prize and the 18th May movement so that activists are encouraged to work harder in their field with a view to being nominated for if not winning the Prize.

If given a chance to lead past winners of Gwangju Prize what activities or issues should be addressed? Or do you think there’s a need for the past winners to band together for common cause or causes?
I believe in collective leadership. I would welcome the opportunity to interact with previous Prize winners and to explore the common causes that we would effectively work together on. Ideally I would like previous Prize winners to issue joint statements on various issues and events as a means of mobilizing international public opinion.

What do you think of the current democracy, peace and human rights situation in Asia? What should be done to keep and sustain a more democratic, peaceful and human rights respectful Asia?
The situation is Asia is far from desirable. We see an increasing tendency towards authoritarian rule, abuse of human rights, lack of access to justice, increasing poverty and inequality. These are issues that we need to mobilize public opinion on.

What would you like to say to the May 18 Memorial Foundation and the citizens of Gwangju for giving you this award? Any final words?
The lawyers of Pakistan salute the indomitable will and commitment of the citizens of Gwangju to the principles of democracy, peace and human rights. The courage of the May 18th martyrs shall inspire men and women who yearn to be free for generations to come. I thank the citizens of Gwangju and the Memorial Foundation for empathizing with the Pakistan Lawyers’ Movement, the main aim of which is to build a society based on true justice for all under the principle of equality.

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